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China Geological Museum

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-23 19:52

 

 

中国地质博物馆

 

China Geological Museum is the earliest national geological museum in China, founded in 1916.
 
The Chinese Geological Museum collects more than 200000 geological specimens, covering all fields of Geosciences. Among them, there are a series of dinosaur fossils, such as giant Shandong dragon, Chinese dragon and bird, ancient human fossils, such as Peking man, Yuanmou Man, mountaintop cave man, and a large number of precious prehistoric biological fossils, such as fish, birds, insects, which are of scientific and ornamental value; there are the world's largest "Crystal King", giant calcite crystal cluster specimens, exquisite bluecopper, cinnabar, realgar, orpiment Scheelite, stibnite and other minerals with Chinese characteristics, as well as a variety of gemstones, jade and a number of national treasures.
 
The first batch of national primary and secondary school students' research and practice education bases.
 
Chinese Name: China Geological Museum category: Geological Museum completion time: July 14, 1916: tens of thousands of high-quality minerals, rocks, gemstones and fossils National Geological Museum Address: No.15, Xisi mutton alley, Xicheng District, Beijing 30 yuan for students, 15 yuan for students. Opening hours: 9:00-16:30, closed on Monday.
 
Historical evolution
 
Setting up the background
 
In the third year of the Republic of China (1913), the geological section of the Department of mining affairs of the Ministry of industry and Commerce of the Republic of China was renamed the Geological Survey Institute, but there was no real name for it.
 
On January 4, the Republic of China (1916), Yuan Shikai zhuzou established the "Geological Survey Bureau", with Zhang yiou as the director, Ding Wenjiang as the deputy director of the council office, and an tesheng as the deputy director. There are four units and one Museum: the geological unit, the mineral unit, the topography unit, the compilation unit and the geological and Mineral Museum.
 
On July 14, 1916, the Institute of geology of the government of the Republic of China held a graduation ceremony on the 3rd of Fengsheng Hutong, Beijing. At the same time, it held a "student achievement exhibition", which exhibited 899 rock and mineral samples collected by teachers and students in the past three years, as well as detailed drawings and field survey photos. Therefore, July 14, the Republic of China was designated as the building day. July 14, Republic of China was recognized as the museum building day, because the museum at this time had curators, institutions and typical events, so the exhibition and collection were determined.
 
On December 10, 1916, Zhou Ziqi, the general director of the Ministry of agriculture and commerce, signed No. 119 measures of the Ministry of agriculture and commerce, and appointed Ding Wenjiang, the general office of the Geological Survey Bureau and the technical director of the Museum of Geology and mineral resources.
 
The Republic of China separated
 
In the ninth year of the Republic of China (1920), Ding Wenjiang, Zhang Hongzhao and Weng Wenhao asked the Ministry of agriculture and commerce to launch a fund-raising campaign for the preparation of the Geological Library. President Li Yuanhong donated 1000 yuan, with 39000 yuan from all walks of life.
 
In the 10th year of the Republic of China (1921), the Geological Library was built at No. 9, bingmashi Hutong, Beijing. With the balance of 8000 yuan, two more exhibition rooms were built for the exhibition hall, and the exhibition area was increased by 400 square meters.
 
On July 17, 1922, the opening ceremony of the newly built library and exhibition hall was held. President Li Yuanhong delivered a speech and visited the geological exhibition hall.
 
In the 16th year of the Republic of China (1927), the government of the Republic of China established its capital in Nanjing, and Beijing was renamed Peiping. Peiping gradually lost its central position in politics, economy and culture; in addition to the invasion of Japanese invaders, North China was in danger.
 
In the 24th year of the Republic of China (1935), the Geological Survey Institute moved to Nanjing. More than 10000 pieces of the geological exhibition hall were moved to Nanjing. 12 exhibition rooms were arranged in the new exhibition hall at 942 Zhujiang Road, Nanjing (now No. 700). It was completed and opened in the early years of the Republic of China (1937).
 
In November of the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), the Japanese army occupied Shanghai and approached Nanjing. The Geological Survey Institute, like other institutions, retreated in a hurry and moved out within three or five days. 313 cases of selected specimens from the exhibition hall were transported to Wuhan by water from Gao Zhenxi, and then to Changsha in late November for simple repair.  In July of the next year, Wuhan was in an emergency and the Geological Survey Institute had to move from Changsha to Chongqing. The specimens on display were packed into the Sichuan Geological Survey Institute together with other articles. Before long, the Geological Survey Institute built a house in Beibei, Chongqing, and then moved to Beibei to display specimens.
 
On December 25, 1932 (1943), the Museum of natural science, which was jointly sponsored by the Central Geological Survey Institute, the Institute of zoology and botany, the Institute of meteorology, the Institute of industrial experiment, the Agricultural Experiment Institute, and the Western Academy of Sciences, officially opened. Among them, the geological museum is designed and provided with specimens by the Central Geological Survey Institute, which is divided into four parts: mineral rock, stratigraphic paleontology, vertebrate fossil and soil.
 
In the summer of the thirty fifth year of the Republic of China (1946), the Central Geological Survey Institute moved back to the former site of Zhujiang Road, Nanjing, and appointed Hou Defang as the curator of Nanjing Geological exhibition hall to preside over the restoration and reconstruction of the exhibition. Cheng Yuqi, Yang Zhongjian, Liu Dongsheng, Wang Cunyi, Cai Zhenzhong and others participated in the arrangement.
 
It was officially opened in October (1948) in the thirty seventh year of the Republic of China (only 80% before the Anti Japanese war was restored).
 
The wind and cloud
 
In the 34th year of the Republic of China (1935), the Geological Survey Institute moved to Nanjing, leaving some personnel, specimens and equipment at the original sites of Fengsheng Hutong and bingmashi Hutong of Beiping, belonging to the newly established Geological Survey Institute, Beiping branch, and its director, Xie Jiarong. "From then on to the peaceful liberation of Peiping, Fengsheng No. 3 exhibition hall has no director (curator)" whose affairs are directly managed by the directors of all the previous branch offices, which is called the "ancient Museum".
 
Since the summer of the thirty fifth year of the Republic of China (1936), it has been enriched many times by Jia Lanpo, Li Yueyan, etc. In late February 1937, the 13th annual meeting of the Chinese Geological Society was held in Beiping

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