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Beijing Xu Beihong Memorial Hall

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-23 19:50





Xu Beihong Memorial Hall has two places: one is located at No. 53, North Street, Xinjiekou, Xicheng District, Beijing, and the other is located in Yixing Yiyuan. Founded in 1954, Beijing Xu Beihong Memorial Hall is the first artist personal memorial hall built by the Chinese government on the basis of Xu Beihong's former residence. The museum was originally located at No. 16, dongshilu street, Dongcheng District, Beijing. Premier Zhou Enlai wrote the plaque of "Beihong's former residence". After the "Cultural Revolution" in 1966, the original memorial hall was demolished. In 1973, Premier Zhou directed the reconstruction of the new museum. The memorial hall of Xu Beihong in Yixing opened on October 26, 1988.
Chinese Name: Xu Beihong Memorial Hall address: No.53, North Street, Xinjiekou, Xicheng District, Beijing Address: 2 built in Yixing Yiyuan time: Beijing Museum opened in 1954 time: Yixing Museum opened on October 26, 1988
Xu Beihong (1895-1953), an outstanding art educator and master of Chinese art, is known as "the father of modern Chinese painting" and "the sage of modern Chinese painting". In the first half of the 20th century, when Chinese art entered the modern era, Xu Beihong was undoubtedly an important figure in the art circle. In order to reverse the stagnant trend of copying, imitating and lacking of life breath in Chinese painting, he spoke loudly. He learned Chinese and western, integrated the exquisite realistic skills of Western into Chinese painting, and opened up a new and broad world for the innovation and development of traditional art. Because of his outstanding achievements in painting theory and practice and his great contribution to art education, he was praised as "the father of modern Chinese painting" by international critics.
In 1895, Xu Beihong was born in qitingqiao Town, Yixing County, Jiangsu Province, which is famous for its "rich" scholars and talents. His father, Xu Dazhang, is a famous local painter. He is proficient in poetry, calligraphy and seal cutting, especially in painting. Since his childhood, Xu Beihong studied poetry, calligraphy, painting and printing with his father, laying a solid foundation of traditional culture.  Xu Beihong, 17, is a well-known painter in Yixing. He works as a picture teacher in three schools of Yixing women's normal school, Pengcheng middle school and Shiqi primary school.
From January 1933 to August 1934, invited by European countries, he successively went to France, Belgium, Italy, Germany and the Soviet Union to hold Chinese art exhibitions and individual art exhibitions, making a sensation in the international painting world.
In the spring of 1940, at the invitation of Tagore, the great poet of India, he went to the International University of India to give lectures, and held exhibitions in St. tinictan and Calcutta successively, and then went to Dajiling to create the traditional Chinese painting Yugong Yishan.
In 1951, Xu Beihong went to the water conservancy project site in daoshu, Shandong Province to experience life and drew many portraits of migrant workers.  Prepare to create a huge oil painting "new Yugong of the present age". During the composition, he suffered from cerebral hemorrhage and hemiplegia.
In 1953, Xu beihong-chien was able to get up and act. On September 23, the second National Congress of literary and art workers opened. He served as executive chairman and presided over the meeting. That night, cerebral hemorrhage recurred. Unfortunately, he died on September 26 at the age of 58.
Venue introduction
Xu Beihong Memorial Hall of Beijing Museum is a memorial hall of Chinese celebrities. At present, there are Xu Beihong Memorial Hall in Beijing and Xu Beihong Memorial Hall in Yixing The Beijing memorial hall is located in the North Street of Xinjiekou, Xicheng, Beijing. It was built in the painter's former residence in 1954, demolished in 1966, and prepared for reconstruction at the current site in 1973. The new museum was completed in 1982. It was officially opened in January 1983. There are 7 exhibition rooms. It was demolished in 2013 and is being rebuilt.
Beijing Pavilion
In 1953, on the day of Xu Beihong's death, Mrs. Liao Jingwen, Mrs. Xu, donated her former residence at No. 16, Lujie street, Dongcheng District to the state. In 1954, the "Xu Beihong Memorial Hall" based on the former residence was established, which is the first artist personal Memorial Hall in New China. Guo Moruo personally wrote the name of the memorial hall of Xu Beihong. In 1966, the Beijing subway began to be built, and the memorial hall of Xu Beihong, just on the subway line, was forced to be demolished. In 1973, under the instruction of Premier Zhou's "reconstruction of Xu Beihong Memorial Hall", the new hall was opened for more than ten years, and finally officially opened to the public in 1983. Located at No. 53, North Street, Xinjiekou, Xinguan has seven exhibition halls, displaying Mr. Xu Beihong's oil paintings, traditional Chinese paintings, sketches, calligraphy and other authentic works.
Historical evolution
In 1954, the memorial hall of Xu Beihong was established, which has been 50 years since then. In the 21st century, with the great development of museum cause, Xu Beihong Memorial Hall is facing an important choice in what direction it should develop in the new historical period. As a public institution, the museum should further reform its personnel system, distribution system and institutional adjustment.
Xu Beihong once lived in an elegant courtyard, No. 16, Dongshou Lu street, Dongcheng District, Beijing. In 1953, on the day of Xu Beihong's death, Ms. Liao Jingwen and her family donated all the works of art left by Xu Beihong to the state; Premier Zhou Enlai wrote a plaque for his former residence. In 1954, the government established "Xu Beihong Memorial Hall" on the basis of "Beihong's former residence", which was the first artist's personal Memorial Hall established at the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China. Guo Moruo personally wrote the name of the memorial hall of Xu Beihong. The curator was Wu Zuoren, then Dean of the Central Academy of fine arts. In 1957, Ms. Liao Jingwen started to be the curator.
geographical position
The new museum was built in 1982, located at No. 53, North Street, Xinjiekou, Xicheng District, with a total floor area of 3900 square meters and a building area of 4600 square meters. The main building is a two-story gray exhibition building, which has a prologue hall and seven exhibition rooms. The prologue hall displays Xu Beihong's self portrait, huge pictures and Exhibition foreword

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